Expert Validation of Hopper Technology

Piston Design:

“The injected fluid causes a reduction in the buoyancy force imparted on the piston due to the presence of lowered density fluid about the piston. This reduction in buoyancy force makes it such that the total buoyancy force is no longer sufficient to keep the piston floating and the piston then begins to descend within the chamber. Once the piston reaches a bottom portion of the chamber, low density fluid injection ceases. The fluid within the chamber then begins to return to its normal density as the injected lowdensity fluid escapes from the surface of the fluid. The piston then returns to its original position.” – Brian MacDonald Ph.D in physics from Georgia Institute of Technology


Piston Design:

“The video shown demonstrates a functioning prototype. This could be used to convert potential energy (For example from a low density fluid submerged in a high density fluid or a low density fluid stored compressed) to an amount of kinetic energy.”


Opposed Sponson:

“In one or more embodiments a low density injector may be provided at both the first portion of fluid and the second portion of such that alternating, intermittent injections of low-density fluid can be made in each respective portion of the fluid. With low density fluid injected alternately into each chamber the device would produce a see-sawing motion which could be used to generate power. In this way, the device could convert the potential energy of a low-density fluid at depth to kinetic energy.”
– Richard Clegg Ph.D in Mathematics and Statistics from University of York, Research Fellow at Imperial college London

*Statements from patent expert declarations